All about Turkey, Information About Turkey, Weather in Turkey
A country where people form different cultures, religions and ethnic
backgrounds come together! A geography, as ancient as the human culture,
where the ancient continents of Asia and Europe meet. Turkey is a
paradise of sea, sun and mountains, at the same time offering the
visitors the pleasure of historical treasures of magnificent ancient
cities. From April to October, most parts of Turkey have an ideal
climate providing perfect conditions which a visitor can enjoy the
comfort of sandy beaches and also the unique atmosphere of Ancient
Cities. It is doubtless that just one visit will not be enough, one will
want to come back time after time as the extraordinary places and tastes
are discovered. Kusadasi Ephesus Tours
Turkey, exotic, colorful,
many-faceted, romantic, ever-old and ever-new, is the gateway and the
key to the fabled East. Turkey has a magnificent past and is a land full
of historic treasures.
Turkey is 774.815 km2. The Anatolia part is in Asia and Thrace belongs
to Europe that is why The Bosphorus is said to be the gate between the
two continents. Turkey is rich with its rivers, lakes, mountains and
bays apart from the seas surrounding the country which are the Black
Sea, the Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea. The biggest lake in Turkey is
in the eastern part which is called the lake Van which took attention a
few years ago with its so-called monster. The highest mountain is again
in the eastern part and it's called The Agri Mountain, which is 5,165
meters high. Kusadasi is in the western part in the Aegean region close
to the third biggest city of Turkey, Izmir.
Turkey is divided into seven regions;
the Black Sea region, the Marmara region, the Aegean region, the
Mediterranean region, Central Anatolia, the East Anatolian and Southeast
The Eastern Anatolian region is the
richest in numbers. Turkey's largest lake Van, 3,713 square kilometers,
and the lakes of Ercek, Cildir and Hazar are in this region. There are
also many lakes in the west Taurus mountains area: the Beysehir and
Egirdir lakes, and the lakes that contain bitter waters like the Burdur
and Acigoller lakes. Around the Sea of Marmara there are Sapanca, Iznik,
Ulubat, Manyas, Terkos, Kucukcekmece and Buyukcekmece. In Central
Anatolia there is the second largest lake in Turkey, Tuzgolu. The waters
of this lake are shallow and very salty. As a result of the several
lakes, many dam lakes were constructed such as the Ataturk Dam lake,
Keban, Karakaya, Altinkaya, Adiguzel, Kilickaya, Karacaoren, Menzelet,
Kapulukaya, Hirfanli, Sariyar and Demirkopru.
Turkey is surrounded by the Black Sea
in the north, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the
west on three sides. In the northwest there is an internal sea, the Sea
of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus.
The length of the Black Sea coastline in Turkey is 1,595 kilometers. The
Mediterranean coastline is 1,577 kilometers. The Aegean Sea coast is
over 2,800 kilometers. The coastline of the Marmara Sea is over 1,000
The most important rivers of Turkey, the Firat (Euphrates) and Dicle
(Tigris) join together in Iraq and flow into the Persian Gulf. Turkey's
longest rivers, the Kizilirmak, Yesilirmak and Sakarya, flow into the
Black Sea. The Susurluk, Biga and Gonen pour into the Sea of Marmara,
the Gediz, Kucuk Menderes, Buyuk Menderes and Meric into the Aegean, and
the Seyhan, Ceyhan and Goksu into the Mediterranean.
Turkey is located in the northern half
of the hemisphere at a point that is about halfway between the equator
and the north pole, at a latitude of 36 degrees N to 42 degrees N and a
longitude of 26 degrees E to 45 degrees E. Turkey is roughly rectangular
in shape and it is 1,660 kilometers long and 550 kilometers wide.
The surface of Turkey, including its
lakes and rivers, is 814,578 km2, of which 790,200 are in Asia and
24,378 are located in Europe.
The land borders of Turkey are 2,753
kilometers in total, and coastlines (including islands) are another
8,333 kilometers. Turkey has two European neighboring countries which
are Greece and Bulgaria and six Asian neighboring countries which are
Iraq, Iran, Syria, Armenia, Georgia, Turkish Republic of Northern
Turkey has been called ‘’the cradle of civilization’’ and by traveling
through this historic land the tourists will discover exactly what is
meant by its phrase. The world’s first town, a Neolithic city at
Catalhoyuk ( by Konya ), dates back to 6,500 BC. From the days of
Catalhoyuk up to the present time Turkey boasts of a rich culture that
trough the centuries has made a lasting impression on modern
civilization. The heir many centuries of cultures makes Turkey a
paradise of information and cultural wealth. Hattis, Hittites,
Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, Ionians, Persians, Macedonians,
Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans have all held important places
in Turkey’s history, and ancient sites and ruins scattered throughout
the country give proof to each civilization’s unique distinction.
Turkey also has a very fascinating
recent history. Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a young man
named Mustafa Kemal, who was a soldier by occupation but a great
visionary in character, took the defeat of World War I and turned it
into a shining victory by liberating Turkey of all foreign invaders.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey on the 29th of
October, 1923. He led his country into peace and stability, with
tremendous economic growth and complete modernization. Through decades
of change and growth Turkey still boasts of this success by effectively
living by their adopted motto of ‘’Peace at Home, Peace in the World’’.
The current population of Turkey is over 65 million people, of whom 60%
live in the cities. Then ten most populous cities in order are Istanbul,
Ankara, Izmir Adana, Bursa, Gaziantep, Eskisehir, Kayseri and Diyarbakir.
More than half the population is under the age of 20.
The Turkish Language belongs to the Ural Altaic group and has an
affinity to the Finno Hungarian languages. Since 1928 Turkish has been
written in a phonetic, Latin alphabet of 29 letters and is spoken by
some 150 million people around the world.
While Turkey is a secular state, about 98% of the people are Muslims;
their faith is that of Islam. ‘Islam’ means ‘submission’; a Muslim is
one of who submits himself to God. Islam is the most recent of the three
great monotheistic religions, having developed from the revelations by
God to the Prophet Mohammed. He was born in Mecca and lived from about
AD 570 to June 8,632. His activity as a Prophet encompassed the ten
years before his death. The holy book of Islam is the Koran; it is
believed to be the revelation of God to Mohammed. It contains 114 suras
(chapters) and 6,666 ayets (verses). Allahuekber (God is incomparable)
are the words calling the people to prayer. The non-Muslim minority
people are concentrated in Istanbul. There are Sephardic Jews and
Christians of several backgrounds: Greek Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox,
Greek Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, a few Protestants and some others.
The Turkish Republic is based on secular democratic, pluralist and
parliamentary system, where human rights are protected by law and social
justice. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote and the nation
is governed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.
Turkey is a founding member of OECD, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation
Organization, a member of NATO, the European Council and the European
Parliament, and an associate member of the European Community.